HEALTH EFFECTS OF MICROPLASTICS.

Over the past 5 years  an increasing number of studies have reported the presence of micro- and nanoplastics in drinking water, air, food and soil. This raises questions and concerns about the impact of microplastics debris on human health, and had recently also been the driver behind the European Plastic Pact. Nanoconsult has been contracted by ICCA to compose a white paper on the human health effects of microplastics by inhalation and oral intake. The white paper will try to indicate how read-across from other particle domains such as PSLT and ambient PM may help to advance decision making and learning in this phase, where robust data for a health impact assessment is missing and will not be easily available in the next few years.

 

LITERATURE.

WHO report Microplastics in drinking-water. Geneva, World Health Organization (2019) ISBN 978-92-4-151619-8

SAPEA, Science Advice for Policy by European Academies. (2019). A Scientific Perspective on Microplastics in Nature and Society.  Berlin: SAPEA. https://doi.org/10.26356/microplastics

Bucci K, Tulio M, Rochman CM (2019) What is known and unknown about the effects of plastic pollution: A meta-analysis and systematic review. Ecol Appl. 2019 Nov 23:e02044. doi: 10.1002/eap.2044.

Ogonowksi M, Gerdes Z, Gorokhova E (2018) What we know and what we think we know about microplastic effects- a critical perspective. Current opinion in Environmental Science & Health 1: 41-46.

Gouin T, Becker RA, Collot A-G et al (2019) Toward the development and application of an environmental risk assessment framework for Microplastic. Environ Toxicol & Chemistry 38: 2087- 2100.